The Importance of Screen Calibration


The Importance of Screen Calibration

Created: Friday, March 20, 2020, posted by at 9:30 am


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By Kurt Dupont

For the Mr. Perfects and Professionals Among Us!

We were recently working on a project of a customer and they sent in a Photoshop design of what they wanted to see on the information screens. That’s typical, most users send in a PowerPoint presentation already, while designers send in a Photoshop file and you have to start all over in PowerPoint.

We were displaying the newly created PowerPoint on a television screen here, as a test. And with this presentation, we saw completely different results between our design computer and the test television.

Uncalibrated versus Calibrated

Let’s place an image of both screens next to each other and compare them. You see the difference between the green and even more for the red color. These 2 images were taken with a camera, and not a screen capture. A screen capture comparison on the same screen would result in exactly the same output. But we clearly see differences in colors here. However, even worse, the subtle light-grey balls are completely invisible on the left screen! There, the white part of the presentation has no variation at all. Placed beside the texts, this area is completely white.

Why is there so much difference in content that is essentially identical? There are several reasons:



  • Different brands and models
  • Different ages: also important since television screens loose quality as they get older
  • Different external lightning conditions
  • Different technologies

Even though we looked at the obvious, there are other possible reasons:

  • Brightness
  • Contrast
  • Warm colors

Vendor A sets the default brightness much higher than vendor B, and so on. And among television vendors, there is no real standard that they have to respect when they deliver. These are some reasons that cause the problem.

How to Fix These Differences?

Of course, there is a solution for this and it is called calibration. The process of calibration is using methods to measure, compare and correct the different colors. It measures a given color and compares the output to a defined standard color, as it should be. Then it decides to modify a given color for this computer and screen combination.

So basically, you will display all colors possible on your monitor, and you will measure and correct each color. That is what the calibration process is doing.

1. Manual Correction by ColorChecker Card

There are cards on the market with different standardized colors on it. You can display an image of this card on your screen and compare each color of this card with the matching color of your screen.

Then you can start correcting the colors, but this is manual and difficult work.

ColorChecker Card

There is a better solution on the market.

2. Automatic Calibration

Another solution is to use a calibration tool. That is a combination of some hardware and software. Install the software on your computer and run it. It will ask you to place the calibration device on your monitor. Then the software will quickly display each color (much more than the color calibration card here above) and measure it.

This will run for some 10 or 15 minutes. In the end, it will propose a new color scheme with all the corrected colors.

Spyder Calibration

Conclusion

After the calibration process, you can be sure of the colors that you are using. When you work with other professional people, then they most likely also use a calibrated screen. Only then you are sure that you are talking about the same temperature of green and red etc.

Same for your digital signage or information screens. With some 10 monitors in a factory or 1000+ displays at an airport, then you have to make sure that they are all equally calibrated. We are talking here about the initial calibration but you will have to repeat the calibration process on regular intervals like every 3 months, 6 months or every year.


Kurt Dupont
 
Kurt Dupont is a solution provider who would go out of his way just to ensure he brings out the best when it comes to issues that has to deal with data-driven presentations, data visualization, and digital signage software.

He started by working at airports worldwide to set up airport databases and flight information screens. This evolved to become the basis for PresentationPoint.

The views and opinions expressed in this blog are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any other agency, organization, employer or company.



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